- The Battle of Kalinga began in 8th year of Ashoka’s rule. Before the battle started, Ashoka sent a letter to King of Kalinga or Kalingaraj where Ashoka asked for complete submission of Kalinga to the Mauryan Empire. This was refused by Kalingaraj.
- Ashoka’s grandfather, Emperor Chandragupta Maurya tried to conquer Kalinga once but was unsuccessful.
- Emperor Bindusara, father of Emperor Ashoka, was in a process of territorial expansion but the independent feudal republic of Kalinga was a major hindrance both politically and economically.
- Emperor Bindusara also made attempts to conquer Kalinga but was defeated.After death of Emperor Bindusara, Emperor Ashoka took a complete charge to annex the State of Kalinga.
Statehood: 1 April 1936 (Utkala Dibasa)
Areas: 155,707 km2 (60,119 sq mi)
coastline: 450 km
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